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The stem will pay sent to many letter idea. Thanks to the interaction with its environment, a system can evaluate the strength of particular rules. Rules compete among themselves for the right to match the external messages—posted by the environment—by entering the bid with their offers. Bid entrance fees become the prizes for senders of those messages which have been matched by rules. In this way, a chain connecting receptors and a group of effectors is created. Additionally, a genetic algorithm is employed, which allows mutation and crossing, thanks to which new rules can be created.
S is an initial symbol, VN is a set of nonterminals, and VT a set of terminals. An additional modification which resulted from the analysis of initial experiments was to exclude the S symbol from the grammar, as its function might be taken over by any nonterminal symbol. On the assumption that the symbol a stands for an adjective, b for an adverb, c for an article, d for an auxiliary verb, e for a full stop, f for a conjunction, g for a noun, h for a numeral, i for a preposition, j for a pronoun, k for a question mark, l for a verb, m for an exclamation mark, n for a comma, and for any word the sentence What do you like doing in your spare time?
The system generates new rules and tests the effectiveness of the existing ones. The messages posted by the environment are the data coming from the outside into the classifier system. These messages activate the classifying rules. The rules that get activated place their messages on the list. New messages may also activate other rules, or send certain messages to the list of output messages.
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These messages are coded into output messages and are transferred to the environment as 20 O. In the system mentioned, the population of grammars plays the role of system classifiers.
Free Learning Classifier Systems: International Workshops, Iwlcs 2003 2005, Revised Selected Papers
Execution of a rule takes place when a production can parse a part of a sentence or a whole sentence that is currently being analysed. In the beginning all classifiers have the same strength, but in the analysis process they receive positive or negative reward, which is the result of the actions they undertake. Every sentence of the given natural language is analysed in turns by the whole population. The initial form of the grammars used by the system is randomly generated.
The LCS has two aims. The first is checking the adjustment level of the grammars, that is the correctness of analyses of the given sentences in a natural language. The second is paying to the classifiers, or reducing the strength assigned to the classifiers, free-context grammar productions taking part in the analysis. The first item in the list is always a sentence sent by the system environment.
The messages in the list are acted on by the classifiers in turns. These classifiers which are able to match the production to the particular sentence get the right to place their own message in the list. The list is compiled until none of the classifiers can execute its action, that is none of the production matches the sentence part being currently analysed.
Every classifier placing its message in the list has to pay a conventional fee, being a part of its strength. The fee is then transferred to a classifier or distributed among a greater number of classifiers that placed in the message reinforcing the execution of the current rule. The classifier finishing a sentence analysis receives reward from the system environment. Moreover, all classifiers taking part in the full or partial analysis of a given sentence can be additionally paid a conventional number of strength points.
The algorithm described concerns correct sentences.click
Learning Classifier Systems International Workshops Iwlcs 2003 2005 Revised Selected Papers 1st Ed
The only modification of the algorithm concerning incorrect sentences is the negative value of the reward. Genetic algorithm takes the particular grammars as chromosomes, and the grammar productions as genes. Crossing and selection are carried out upon all the grammars treated as production vectors , whereas mutation modifies adds, deletes, replaces singular symbols of the particular productions.
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